The gaucho in Argentinian literature
Gauchesca Poetry is a type of popular literature that was born in the Rio de la Plata at the beginning of the 19th century.
Paying tribute to the gaucho as an emblematic character for Argentina’s history, gauchesca poetry reflects different aspects of a typical gaucho’s life: his dedication to livestock, his traditions and values, his vocabulary, the cult of weapons, his riding skills, his love for freedom, his friendships and love interests, his brave achievements like taming horses and winning battles, among many more.
Gauchos have appeared in many different Argentinian works of literature. The most popular ones being:
- El Gaucho Martín Fierro, written by José Hernández in 1894.
- Cielitos y Diálogos patrióticos, a series of poems written by Bartolomé Hidalgo between 1816 and 1822
- Santos Vega written by Hilario Ascasubi
- Fausto written by Estanislao del Campo
If you are interested in immersing yourself in the gaucho tradition, definitely give these poems a read to learn about gauchos and the roots of Argentina’s cultural foundations.