It Is the set of knowledge, arts, tools, food, traditions and customs that have as a reference to the gaucho, which means “a mestizo”.
The Gaucho culture has resulted in styles and forms of expression in music, literature and theater very well defined. Some of its main components are related to the importance of rural life of plain, horse, guitar, mate and beef, as well as the values of solidarity, loyalty, hospitality and courage.
Gauchos wear a unique style of clothing: a fringed poncho which is a square of cloth with a hole for the head. They wear broad-brimmed hats, long-sleeved cotton shirts and loose baggy pants called “bombachas”. They wear a silver belt and for boots they use the hide from the hind leg of a newly killed colt. He pulls it over his foot and leg so it would dry in a bootshape. Gaucho wears spurs and have a long knife hanging at his side. Gaucho apparel has changed some, from the traditional dress. Sometimes now, gauchos wear jeans instead of the traditional bombachas.
On June 16th a festival in honor of the gauchos is held because of the work they did in fighting against Spanish forces during Argentina’s War for Independence. The gauchos of today recall the bravery of gauchos in the past. Fires are lit around the city of Salta’s monument of General Martin Miguel de Guemes. He was the person who led the gauchos into battle against the Spanish. At night, they sing songs and the next day, June 17th, which is the day that Guemes died, the gauchos have a parade in honor of him.
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